Created in 2004, Tennis Polo (Toccer) is the first racquet sport played on a field. Two teams of ten players use racquets to attempt to score goals using a tennis ball on a field with two goals placed at opposite ends of the field.
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Rule Changes (2010)
The newest edition of the rules will be posted in September 2010, but here are some previous of the most significant changes to the sport since it’s inception in 2004:
- Rackets will only be used by goalkeepers, while players in the field will not carry racquets any longer.
- Players are allowed five seconds to run with the ball before passing it or attempt to score.
- The area in front of the goal (referred to as the “layer”) is a semicircular line with a 15-yard radius. Offensive players are not allowed inside the layer, goals scored over the layer line are nullified. Defensive players are allowed inside the layer. A second semicircular line with an 21-yard radius are worth two points when goals are scored.
- Each team will be comprised of ten players including 9 field players and one racket keeper. Standard formations include layer defenders (2), Strong Back (1), Deep Wing (1), Middle Receiver (1) and Strikers (3)
- Kicking the ball remains legal.
- Offside rule called except during the last minute of each half. Offsides is called if the team on offense has more players in the defensive half of the field than the defensive team, when the offensive team has the ball in their zone. In sudden death periods, the offside rule remains in effect for the entire offsides period.
- Games are separated into two 12-minute halves. If teams remain tied after regulation, two 6-minute sudden death overtime period are played. If teams remain tied after overtime, games that require a winner (hence, that cannot end tied) will be decided through a penalty throw shootout.
The first racquet sport played on a field, Tennis Polo (Toccer) was created in 2004 in Bantam, Connecticut by a tennis instructor looking for a game to keep his tennis player occupied during one abnormally rainy summer. The sport had to incorporate the standard tennis equipment of a racquet and a ball, but otherwise needed to be unaffected by the elements.
After a variety of attempts at other games, Toccer immediately took a life of its own. It quickly became more than just a tennis diversion, but a sport of its own. That summer, they codified a set of rules and over the past five years, the sport has circled the globe and continued to expand its reach to a diverse set of players from 18 countries.